Orson Welles had earlier filmed his own version of the novel, The Trial (1962). It featured typically stunning Welles lighting effects but Welless attempt at an accurate translation of the novel became a dull, picaresque series of encounters that only occasionally grasped the mindset of the book. This 1993 version came with a screenplay by acclaimed playwright Harold Pinter and was directed by Welsh tv director David Jones, who had been responsible for respectable British dramas like the previous adaptation of Pinters Betrayal (1982) and 84 Charing Cross Road (1986), as well as one excellent subsequent genre outing, Hallmarks adaptation of A Christmas Carol (1999).
Harold Pinters script certainly has a much finer grasp of the essential nature of the book than Orson Welles did. While the film has a patchy unevenness that is the result of trying to accurately portray the book on screen, this version comes across with the paranoia and dark irony intact. There are a number of scenes that emerge memorably the scene where Josef learns that the best way to have his case dismissed is to seek an Indefinite Postponement where, by paying utmost vigilant attention to it and keeping it in the public eye, one never advances it any further; or where Josef learns that the character of Block, who is made to live a tiny maids cubbyhole and kiss the advocates hand like a fawning slave, has been waiting five years and that his trial is not even in the planning stage yet. These scenes have the absurdist irony that is the very essence of Kafka. On the other hand, David Jones doesnt get the classic opening scene right we never get a sense of the shock confusion of Josef being woken and accused of a crime that he is never told the nature of, although there is a certain edgy blackness to the scenes with the various warders eating Josefs breakfast, the neighbours watching through the window and the insistence that he should put on a black suit and not call a lawyer but that he is also completely free to do whatever he wants to.
The insistence upon employing what feels like every member of the British Screen Actors Guild to fill the small parts including names like Juliet Stevenson, Alfred Molina, Michael Kitchen, David Thewlis, Tony Haygarth, Douglas Hodge, Paul Brooke, Roger Lloyd Pack, Trevor Peacock, Patrick Godfrey, Andrew Tiernan, Don Henderson and John Woodvine, as well as a headline name like Anthony Hopkins tends to work against the sense of paranoia in that it feels undercut by the familiarity of the faces. The role of Josef K has been cast with Kyle MacLachlan for clear international marquee name status but MacLachlan seems quite miscast in the part. MacLachlan is too strong-jawed an actor. The part of Josef K needs someone anonymous and mousy, someone whose life you can believe is collapsing into a nightmare around them, whereas with Kyle MacLachlan you have someone who is cut from the classically heroic mould. Orson Welles did a far better job when he cast the part of Josef K with Anthony Perkins who does the mousy, nervous and twitchy thing to perfection.
One thing the film does notably well is to go and shoot on location in the same city Prague that Franz Kafka lived when he wrote the book. David Jones nicely achieves the look of a retro 1940s no-when set amidst a vast and cavernous labyrinth of European apartment blocks. One of David Joness more imaginative touches is to deliberately turn the place into a surrealist maze a drab back room with an anonymous washerwoman ironing clothes opens into a huge arched court filled with people; the attic studio of painter Alfred Molina opens into a series of offices and so on.