Piranha is mostly known as the first genre entry from director and genre regular Joe Dante his second film in all, following Hollywood Boulevard (1976). Dante would later go onto direct a number of other quirkily tongue-in-cheek genre films throughout the 1980s (see below). It was also the first script of John Sayles who delivered several exploitation scripts for Roger Corman Battle Beyond the Stars (1980), Alligator and Dantes The Howling (1980) before becoming one of Americas foremost independent filmmakers with the likes of Matewan (1987), Lone Star (1996) and Limbo (1999).
Piranha comes in the distinctively jokey genre in-referential style that Joe Dante would make his trademark. There are acting appearances from genre icons like Barbara Steele, Kevin McCarthy, cult director Paul Bartel and Dick Miller who became an inseparable fixture, almost a good luck charm, in all of Joe Dantes films. Clips from old monster movies like The Monster That Challenged the World (1957) turn up on tvs in the background. There are a plethora of fishy in-jokes fried fish, Warner Brothers cartoons with fishing themes, someone sitting at the beach resort reading Moby Dick (1851), a Jaws videogame (which appears straight after the credits and shoots up producer Jon Davidson and Joe Dantes names!!!).
Piranha is better than many subsequent Joe Dante films, which tended to vanish under the weight of Dantes preoccupation with making genre in-jokes. Mostly it appears to be because Dante is held in tow between John Sayless tight script and New Worlds perception of the film as an exploitation film that requires a requisite amount of necessary thrills and T&A, both of which Dante pulls off without letting his usual sidetrackings get away with him. Dante succeeds here in doing something he never does in any of his subsequent productions he generates suspense. He is successful in turning somewhere commonplace an ordinary river or lake into a place of unease. In fact, Piranha is so successful at doing this that Dante never even needs to show the piranha at all just watching someone idly trailing their hand in the water or a trail of blood flowing unseen behind the raft is enough to immediately suggest tension.
John Sayles contributes some amusingly peppery dialogue. Do you have any cigarettes? the misanthropic Bradford Dillman is asked, No, I quit a year ago, it interfered with my drinking. Or the summer camp counsellor trying to think up excuses to help young Shannon Collins who is afraid of the water to skip the race Maybe youre getting your no, youre too young for that. Elsewhere people drop such wonderfully straight-face lines as Sir, the guests are being eaten, and Bradford Dillmans steadfast resolution, Well pollute the bastards to death. All play well Heather Menzies (previously Jessica on tvs Logans Run [1977-8]) gives a perky performance, which is nicely balanced out by Bradford Dillmans cynically misanthropic one, although both of them never do a great deal more other than run around during the second half.
In all, while its status has been highly elevated by many genre reviewers, Piranha remains an entertaining exploitation film, no more. It has no expectations beyond that but succeeds very likeably within what it sets out for itself.
There was a sequel Piranha II: Flying Killers/Piranha II: The Spawning (1981) which is related in title only, and is a terrible film, distinctive only for being the directorial debut of James Cameron, who would later go onto the likes of The Terminator (1984), Aliens (1986), Titanic (1997) and Avatar (2009). The film was later remade as a cable tv movie Piranha (1995). Neither film displays any of the tongue-in-cheek humour of the original. Amid the slew of 1970s/80s horror remakes being conducted in the 00s, Piranha was enjoyably remade by director Alexandre Aja as Piranha (2010), which also produced a sequel with Piranha 3DD (2012).
Joe Dantes subsequent films were: The Howling (1980), the third episode of the anthology Twilight Zone The Movie (1983), Gremlins (1984), the fine Explorers (1985), Innerspace (1987), segments of the comedy skit anthology Amazon Women on the Moon (1987), the suburban paranoia black comedy The Burbs (1989), Gremlins 2: The New Batch (1990), the excellent Matinee (1993) about a genre fans childhood, the toy wars film Small Soldiers (1998), the witty toon adventure Looney Tunes: Back in Action (2003), parts of the anthology Trapped Ashes (2006), The Hole (2009) and Burying the Ex (2014) about a zombie ex-girlfriend. Dante also created the delightful smalltown paranoia tv series Eerie Indiana (1991-2) and produced the short-lived The Osiris Chronicles (1998) and Jeremiah (2002-3), as well as the film adaptation of the comic-book legend The Phantom (1996).