The great dread that promptly befell The Shining mini-series was that Stephen King entrusted his script to director Mick Garris. Mick Garris has been the most prolific adaptor of Stephen Kings works on screen, having made the likes of Sleepwalkers (1992), The Stand (1994), Quicksilver Highway (1997), Riding the Bullet (2004), Desperation (2006) and Bag of Bones (2011). Mick Garris is also the worst of all of Stephen Kings adaptors. Garris is a director who knows no concept of subtlety all his films come with people, creatures and pop-up effects constantly jumping into the camera like a schlocky carnival haunted house ride. Garriss characterisations are one-dimensional and his films lack almost any intellectual dimension. In fact, when it comes to comparing the two versions of The Shining, it is difficult to think of two directors more diametrically opposed than Mick Garris and Stanley Kubrick. A cool intellectual who like to leaves things enigmatic and unsaid versus a director who seems to wilfully eschew any intellectual content, lays every single effect on with a trowel and likes to hit audiences over the head until there is no possibility that a single person present has not understood what he is trying to say.
Stephen Kings script brings back a number of elements of the book that Stanley Kubrick threw out Jacks drinking problem and how in the past he broke Dannys arm and was fired for attacking a pupil, Dannys invisible companion Tony, the boiler explosion climax and many of the scenes involving the shining. This time we also get the hedge animals, which Stanley Kubrick cut because it was not technically feasible to animate them in 1980 (which CGI now allows) and substituted an axe-wielding Jack Nicholson running through a hedge maze instead. Certainly, Mick Garris quotes the odd part from the Stanley Kubrick version most notedly the aerial shot following the familys Volkswagen through the Colorado mountains and their discussion inside the car about the Donner Party.
The surprise about The Shining is that Mick Garris, for about the only time he has touched a Stephen King adaptation, surpasses himself and turns in a halfway reasonable effort. The Shining is certainly not the turkey that one expected at all with Garris directing. Garris completely restrains the perpetual pop-up effects that dog his other films there is the odd firehose morphing to develop teeth and grocery bag becoming a bloody mallet but these are barely intrusive. In that he is telling a much more psychological chamber drama with only a few characters, Garris pays much more attention to the characters and even delivers their interactions with a degree of subtlety at times. There are some fine scenes where Garris seems perfectly in touch with Stephen Kings writing the scene with Halloran explaining the shining to Danny and an especially good scene in the lobby where the clearly mentally decaying Steven Weber manages to persuade Rebecca De Mornay that things are going to be fine. Maybe we didnt need some of the shots with cash registers ringing, the fire lighting itself, chairs falling, the jukebox starting up or the swings swinging but Mick Garriss restraint in comparison to his lack of it in his other Stephen King adaptations is nothing short of remarkable.
There are even times when Mick Garriss usual incredibly tiresome there again/not again effects work, especially during Dannys entrance into Room 217 where the build-up to what is on the other side, the firehose maybe popping out and the woman coming after Danny, all hover in a state of eerie unreality. So too do the later scenes where the hedge animals creep up on Danny as he is playing. Another effective scene is the one where Steven Weber enters the ballroom and Garris is constantly pulling away to alternately reveal that the party revellers are either dead or there is nothing there at all, not to mention the considerable effectiveness of the threat when Grady starts persuading Jack to kill his family. The mini-series gains its feet when Steven Weber goes into full dementia, walking through the halls swinging the croquet mallet. Indeed, this last episode is unusually strong in the degree of menace it creates, where Garris creates considerably more tension and ominous sense of bad things about to explode than any other Stephen King adaptation for the small-screen. Although we maybe could have done without the dreadfully sentimental ten-years-later epilogue with everyone gathering to see Danny graduate, even his fathers ghost come to say, I love you, Danny.
One of the problems I always had with Stanley Kubricks The Shining was Jack Nicholson. Jack Nicholson did not feel right for the role of Jack Torrance, at least in the way that Stephen King wrote the character in the book. The books Jack Torrance was always a mild-mannered everyday guy. Steven Weber is certainly much more Stephen Kings Jack Torrance that Jack Nicholson ever was. Even so, Weber comes across as a little cocky and certainly makes Torrance seem a less sympathetic character than Stephen King did in the book. (The original casting choice was Tim Daly, Steven Webers co-star from the sitcom Wings (1990-7). Tim Daly later appeared in the Stephen King mini-series Storm of the Century (1999) and was excellent he would have been an even better Jack Torrance than Steven Weber, one suspects. To see someone like Tim Daly go mad with an axe would be amazing). Melvin Van Peebles (Marios father) makes for a very good Dick Halloran, while Rebecca De Mornay has a quiet effectiveness as Wendy. One of the best performances in the show comes from young Courtland Mead who tackles a complex child character with considerable assurance, far more so than the wooden Danny Lloyd did in Stanley Kubricks The Shining.
Mick Garris also likes to throw in genre quotes and cameos from other directors. Sam Raimi, the director of The Evil Dead (1982) and Spider-Man (2002) turns as the garage attendant who rents the snowmobile to Halloran, and both horror writer David Schow and director Frank Darabont, who made several Stephen King adaptations with The Shawshank Redemption (1994), The Green Mile (1999) and The Mist (2007), have cameos as ghosts. Stephen King turns up as the ghostly big band leader, who notedly manages the Gage Creed Orchestra, which is named after the undead child in Kings Pet Semetary (1989). Mick Garris also has a cameo as one of the attendees at the Sidewinder AA meeting.
Other Stephen King genre adaptations include:- Carrie (1976), Salems Lot (1979), Christine (1983), Cujo (1983), The Dead Zone (1983), Children of the Corn (1984), Firestarter (1984), Cats Eye (1985), Silver Bullet (1985), The Running Man (1987), Pet Semetary (1989), Graveyard Shift (1990), It (tv mini-series, 1990), Misery (1990), a segment of Tales from the Darkside: The Movie (1990), Sometimes They Come Back (1991), The Lawnmower Man (1992), The Dark Half (1993), Needful Things (1993), The Tommyknockers (tv mini-series, 1993), The Stand (tv mini-series, 1994), The Langoliers (tv mini-series, 1995), The Mangler (1995), Thinner (1996), The Night Flier (1997), Quicksilver Highway (1997), Trucks (1997), Apt Pupil (1998), The Green Mile (1999), The Dead Zone (tv series, 2001-2), Hearts in Atlantis (2001), Carrie (tv mini-series, 2002), Dreamcatcher (2003), Riding the Bullet (2004), Salems Lot (tv mini-series, 2004), Secret Window (2004), Desperation (tv mini-series, 2006), Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King (tv mini-series, 2006), 1408 (2007), The Mist (2007), Children of the Corn (2009), Everythings Eventual (2009), the tv series Haven (2010-5), Bag of Bones (tv mini-series, 2011), Carrie (2013), Under the Dome (tv series, 2013-5), Big Driver (2014), A Good Marriage (2014), Mercy (2014), Cell (2016), 11.22.63 (tv mini-series, 2016), The Dark Tower (2017), Geralds Game (2017), It (2017), The Mist (tv series, 2017), Mr. Mercedes (tv series, 2017 ) and 1922 (2017). Stephen King had also written a number of original screen works with Creepshow (1982), Golden Years (tv mini-series, 1991), Sleepwalkers (1992), Storm of the Century (tv mini-series, 1999), Rose Red (tv mini-series, 2002) and the tv series Kingdom Hospital (2004), as well as adapted his own works with the screenplays for Cats Eye, Silver Bullet, Pet Semetary, The Stand, Desperation, Children of the Corn 2009, A Good Marriage and Cell. King also directed one film with Maximum Overdrive (1986).